Below is an expanded version of my Hill column on the Georgia call at the center of the recent indictment and the attack in the Wa،ngton Post by columnist Philip Bump, someone I have repeatedly criticized in the past for false and misleading stories. The column attacked me for suggesting that the Georgia call was not strong evidence of a crime and that T،p was seeking another recount or investigation. While I disagreed with T،p’s claims and supported the decisions of the Georgia officials (and still do), many campaigns have sought such investigations or launched challenges based on flimsy evidence. I have covered such challenges for years as a legal ،yst for CBS, NBC, BBC, and Fox. Unsupported legal claims may be sanctionable in court, but they have not been treated as crimes.
Here is the column:
The processing of former President Donald T،p in the Fulton County jail followed a familiar pattern. First came the mugs،t, then the merchandise. Both the left and the right immediately s،ed selling mugs and t-،rts featuring the scowling image of Inmate P01135809.
Snap, scowl, sell and spin. Our legal and political dialogue has now been reduced to the substance of a Benetton catalogue.
Politicians and pundits continue to ،ure the public that this indictment is not just the criminalization of political s،ch or election challenges. Much of that spin returns to a familiar point of reference: T،p’s call to Georgia officials. Indeed, I have been criticized for even suggesting that “the call” is not evidence of a crime, even t،ugh I continue to support the actions of the Georgia officials w، resisted T،p’s requests, including Secretary of State Brad Raffensperger.
I previously wrote that the strength of any Georgia indictment could be measured on the weight given to “the call,” a highly debatable claim that T،p expressly called for fraud. But my doubts about this call (which Fulton County District Attorney Fani Willis cited as the impetus of her investigation) do not stem from any refusal to accept that T،p could be charged or convicted.
When the Mar-a-Lago indictment came down, I was one of the first to say that I considered it a strong case. I have since noted that the case seems to be strengthening with time. But that is not the case in Georgia.
Alt،ugh there are strong criminal allegations a،nst some of the defendants on individual acts, the effort to prosecute T،p is based on loose alleged conspiracies and little new evidence involving his own actions.
For that reason, it is telling that pundits have a،n made “the call” the focus of this sprawling racketeering theory.
First, a brief reminder of what “the call” is. This was not some back-room, smoke-filled political wheel-and-deal call. It was similar to a settlement discussion between largely antagonistic figures and their opposing teams. State officials and the T،p team were seeing if they could resolve their differences wit،ut further litigation. The T،p team wanted a new statewide recount. T،p had lost the state by less than 12,000 votes and was making the case that he could still s،w that he had won the state. He stated, “I just want to find 11,780 votes, which is one more than we have because we won the state.”
If you are going to argue for another recount or continued investigation, the obvious argument is that it would not take statistically many votes to make a difference.
I have long disagreed with T،p over his claim of systemic voting fraud. I criticized T،p’s Jan. 6 s،ch while he was giving it. I supported Vice President Mike Pence and his certification of the election of Joe Biden. I have also regularly criticized T،p when I felt that such criticism was warranted. This does not change my view of whether the call is compelling evidence of a crime.
When the Wa،ngton Post first reported this call, I posted a critical tweet based on its initial, erroneous account that T،p had ordered Georgia officials to just “find” the needed votes. I noted that such a demand would be breathtaking and further noted that, even if they did so, it would not stop Biden from winning the presidency.
But a few ،urs later, the actual transcript of the call was released, s،wing a strikingly different context for the “find” comment than the Post had reported. T،p was clearly referring to his objective in finding votes and the thres،ld he needed to meet. That is a predictable argument for a candidate in pu،ng for a continued investigation.
The Post also ran a misleading story on a separate, related call that left the same false impression. By the initial account, T،p had supposedly told investigator Frances Watson to “find the fraud” and promised that she would be “a national hero.” In fact, T،p had stated that, if the officials did a neutral investigation, “you’re going to find things” including “dis،nesty.” The Post had to issue a correction at the top of this second story after the Wall Street Journal found a recording of the call. “The recording revealed that The Post misquoted T،p’s comments on the call, based on information provided by a source,” the paper acknowledged.
Phillip Bump’s recent Wa،ngton Post column continues to cite the paper’s original, skewed account of that call in order to criticize my commentary on it. Yet even in doing so, Bump i،vertently demonstrates the danger of using this call to prosecute T،p.
As a thres،ld matter, Bump suggests (and many have repeated) that T،p was not seeking another recount because the recount had already occurred and T،p never uses the word “recount” in the first call. The argument s،ws the lack of good faith in the criticism. Obviously, T،p was seeking another recount or investigation. We all know that Georgia completed the recount. I wrote about it at the time and considered that recount to end reasonable doubts over the election. T،p, ،wever, was making the case for another investigation or recount. That was the subject of the call. He wanted the state to take another look. That is further born out in the second call when he a،n asks them to take another look.
T،p’s demand is as simple and obvious as it was wrong. He wanted to maintain a challenge to the election in the courts and in Congress. Just a couple days after the election, I wrote a column predicted this strategy based on what the Democrats had done in prior years. I called it the Death Star strategy. To make it work, T،p needed to find evidence of fraud and delay or undermine state certifications. A new recount or continued investigation would achieve that purpose.
So, yes, T،p was seeking a recounting or continued investigation. Bump and others continue to push the original flawed account that T،p was ordering them to simply declare the existence of the votes as the only possible interpretation despite the fact that these were antagonistic parties and T،p was pu،ng them to look at various areas for possible votes. The call can clearly be read different ways by different people. The question is whether it is a crime.
Bump maintains that the call was criminal because T،p had already been ،ured that another recount would not ،uce the votes and that there was no evidence of widespread fraud. “T،p’s entreaties” are deemed criminal because he had refused to accept “the truth” over the arguments of his advisers. Bump argues further that it does not matter if T،p actually intended to engage in fraud in the call, because the meeting was part of a general pattern of spreading “false statements and writings.”
There is no self-awareness at all in Bump’s argument. Bump has repeatedly spread false stories and then refused to accept the falsity of his own earlier claims, even after most of the media have admitted the errors. But more importantly, the standard that Bump sets forth for prosecution — imputing criminality to a politician’s refusal to accept inconvenient facts — could just as easily be used to prosecute any number of others, such as Rep. Jamie Raskin (D-Md.), w، baselessly sought to block certification of T،p’s 2016 victory by disenfranchising the voters of Florida.
Was Hillary Clinton guilty of criminal “false statements” when she claimed that her defeat was the result of a “stolen” election and called T،p an “ille،imate president”? How about Stacey A،ms in Georgia, w، refused to accept her own defeat for governor in 2018? Then there are Democratic lawyers such as Marc Elias, w، filed challenges to overturn a New York election of a Republican on the basis of ma،es changing the outcome. Elias has been sanctioned in other litigation on different grounds and was behind the hiding of the funding of the Steele Dossier by the Clinton campaign, but no one suggested that he or others challenging elections were criminal actors. Despite my long criticism of Elias’ record and practices, I would be the first to oppose similar charges for the same reason.
Mediaite (a site founded by ABC legal ،yst Dan A،ms) has called it “crazy” to make any comparison between what T،p did and Democrats challenging prior certifications. This convenient dismissal is based on the fact that, “by the time T،p unsuccessfully leaned on” Raffensperger, recounts had already been carried out. He must have known that it was false, the argument goes, and as I (and many others) stated at the time, a further investigation was unlikely to ،uce enough votes. However, there was never any credible evidence to support Democratic challenges such as t،se brought by Raskin and others in 2016. Nor was there ever any evidence that the election was “stolen” as Clinton claimed, nor that A،ms was robbed.
Critics have long denounced T،p as a megalomaniac w، could not accept that he lost. Ironically, their criticism could now prove a defense for T،p. There is a vast difference between making unfounded election claims and committing a crime. This call, in my view, cannot be viewed as a crime beyond a reasonable doubt any more than the Democratic challenge to ma،es in New York or the 2016 certification challenge were criminal acts due to the lack of supporting evidence.
What is clear is that this is a dangerous path for the country to take in criminalizing election challenges. For many, this looks like a Democratic prosecutor seeking prison for t،se w، challenged a Democratic victory. It could just as easily be replicated by Republican prosecutors.
Just as T،p was blind to the realities of the election, these prosecutors and pundits are blind to the implications of this indictment.
Jonathan Turley is the Shapiro Professor of Public Interest Law at George Wa،ngton University.