19 August 2023
Andersen in Egypt
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Crime of theft by coercion occurs when the criminal intent to
commit the punishable act is present in the perpetrator, knowing at
the time of the act that they are wrongfully appropriating
so،ing owned by a third party wit،ut their consent, with the
intention of taking possession of it.
The standard crime of theft differs from the crime of theft by
coercion. The crime of theft typically occurs through negligence,
whereas in the crime of theft by coercion, one of the tools of
coercion is used to steal from the victim.
The element of coercion in theft is defined as any forcible
means imposed on individuals to disable or eliminate their
resistance to facilitate the theft. It is not necessary for the
coercion to precede or contemporaneously accompany the act of
misappropriation, but it can be fulfilled even if it immediately
follows the act, as long as the purpose is to secure the stolen
The legislator did not specify a certain degree of severity for
coercion; any degree sufficient to establish the aggravated
cir،stance is not required. The legislator also does not require
that coercion be committed by a specific means.
The legislator punishes theft by coercion with temporary hard
labor. If coercion results in injuries, the punishment is permanent
or temporary hard labor.
Here, we refer to a case where the public prosecution had
brought the accused for a criminal trial for the crime of theft by
coercion… During the course of the investigation, the victim
concluded that “the accused had stolen the wallet.
Upon realizing this, the victim apprehended the accused. In an
attempt to free himself, the accused struck the victim in the face
using the wallet as a weapon, and subsequently abandoned it before
fleeing the scene.”
Before the Criminal Court, the defense of the accused argued
that what is proven in the do،ents is that coercion occurred with
the intention of the thief escaping after leaving the
stolen item, and thus coercion is not fulfilled in the
The court disregarded this fundamental defense argument and
ruled for the punishment of the accused with five years of
imprisonment for the crime of theft by coercion.
The convicted party appealed this judgment through c،ation on
grounds of violation of the right to defense and errors in the
application of the law. This is because the judgment disregarded
this fundamental defense argument and did not examine or scrutinize
it. Furthermore, the judgment did not evaluate the evidence of the
presence of coercion in the theft.
The Court of C،ation overturned the appealed judgment due to
its failure to state the facts of the case and the legal elements
of the crime for which the appellant was convicted. Additionally,
the judgment did not address the appellant’s defense or respond
to it, nor did it present valid evidence that could lead to the
consequences imposed on them, thus indicating a deficiency in the
judgment that necessitates its annulment.
Originally published 15 June 2023
The content of this article is intended to provide a general
guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice s،uld be sought
about your specific cir،stances.
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